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The Mint Family

Page history last edited by Fatima Al-Zahraa Itani 11 years, 2 months ago

Types of Mint


1- Peppermint


 Mentha x piperita: Probably the most well known variety of mint, peppermint gives off that classic mint smell when you rub its leaves. This mint is often dried for tea or used fresh for cooking. Both forms are known for soothing an upset stomach and acting as a mood lifter. Dried peppermint typically has 0.3-0.4% of volatile oil containing menthol(29-48%).





2- Spearmint 


Mentha spicata: Another well known variety, spearmint is a common flavoring in gum and toothpaste. When eaten raw, it is a great addition to salads. This herb has many healing properties, such as acting as an antispasmodic and treating many forms of nausea.(0.5% compared to the 40% in peppermint)





3- Catnip, or Catmint 


Nepeta cataria: This member of the mint family is particularly alluring to cats, who love to roll in its leaves. While this herb doesn’t have any modern culinary uses, it can be used to treat ailments such as dandruff, hemorrhoids, and anxiety.





4- Bergamot, or Lemon Mint


Mentha x piperita citrata: The oil of this mint variety has a citrus scent. In aromatherapy, bergamot oil has been used as an effective antidepressant and treatment for stress-based anxiety.





5- Dried Bergamot, or Lemon Mint 

Mentha x piperita citrata: Bergamot tea can be used to treat indigestion, headache, coughs, and nausea.





6- Lemon Balm, or Melissa


Melissa officinalis: Lemon balm is a natural antibacterial, antihistamine, and calmative; it has been used in the past to treat conditions such as cold, flu, insomnia, and high blood pressure. For cooking, this herb can be used as a garnish for drinks and tangy dishes to add a delicate lemon flavor.





7- Dried Lemon Balm 


Melissa officinalis: Dried lemon balm can be made into a lemony tea that has been used to treat depression and anxiety.





8- Apple Mint


Mentha suaveolens: This mint gives off an apple scent that makes it ideal for flavoring teas, jellies, and sauces. Its medicinal uses include treating stomach upset, sore throat, and insect bites.





9- Corsican Mint


The smallest mint foliage, Corsican mint leaves grow about a 1/4 inch in length and appear in great profusion over the inch-high plant. The leaves are bright green and inedible. Corsican mint is often reserved for ground covers and herbal lawns, says University of Oregon Extension. When walked on, the plants release a crème de menthe scent.





10- Bowles Mint


The largest and perhaps the hairiest of the various kinds of mint leaves, 'Bowles' mint foliage is medium green and rounded in shape. The fragrance combines apple and spearmint. While American cooks may automatically reach for spearmint or peppermint sprigs, in England 'Bowles' is well-known for cooking, according to Growing Taste. Save the leaves for cooked dishes, however; the hairy texture of fresh leaves is decidedly an acquired taste, adds the online kitchen gardening resource.





11- Variegated Ginger Mint


One of the handsomer mint leaves, variegated ginger mint foliage boasts yellowish gold or cream splashes on a medium green, medium-sized leaf. As the name suggests, the leaves smell and taste like a subtle mint-ginger blend.





12- Curly Mint


Reminiscent of rose foliage, the leaves of curly mint are smaller than most other mints, with the exception of Corsican. They are also deeply crinkled, jaggedly toothed and smell of apples.





13- Pennyroyal


The narrow leaves on both creeping and upright pennyroyals grow no longer than an inch, appearing almost needle-like as they run along the stems. Pennyroyal is not edible, according to University of Oregon Extension, and is often used as an insect repellant. Scatter dried or fresh leaves and stems in cupboards and along house foundations to repel mice, fleas and ants.




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